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e e cummings
Above is a picture of e. e. cummings.

e. e. cummings was an author unlike any other during his time. He did not follow traditional styles in literature. I was very surprised when covering him in class. I had never read any of his works, but I found his writing style rather fascinating. I think that the way he could create so many emotions and show so many things at once was a great talent. While reading more poems by cummings the one that caught my attention was “since feeling is first”. It seemed to have a great meaning behind it. I wanted to know more about why it was written the way it was and exactly what it was suppose to portray. What was e. e. cumming’s reason for writing “since feeling is first”?

Below is a video I found that does an awesome job of giving a background of e. e. cummings and also providing an analysis on “since feeling is first”.

One explanation as to why cummings wrote the poem is that is was to show that emotions come before anything else. His writing style plays a major role in understanding this poem. It is important to know that he does not follow traditional conventions of poetry, and he does not focus on being correct. The poem is written to show that if you dwell on how things are supposed to be you will never truly recognize how great they are in their true nature. The lines “the best gesture of my brain is less than your eyelids’ flutterwhich says” are very important. They state that even when the brain tries it’s best to understand what is happening what the narrator’s girlfriend looks at him it can not compare to the emotions it creates. Throughout the poem he proves through various literary techniques that if you think too hard you will never be fully capable of knowing someone or yourself. It is about enjoying life and making the best of it even when things are not a certain way.

Below is a picture of the very last line of the poem.
aaa no parentesis

Another explanation as to why he wrote them poem was to tell the audience to live and love. Throughout the poem love is a major theme. It emphasizes that if you pay too much attention to the specific things about someone you will never be able to truly love and accept them. He says that it is justifiable to act like a fool when you love someone, and everything does not have to be organized. He uses a emphasis on the word spring to show happiness, brightness, excitement, and chaos and then relates it back to a loving relationship. He connects that foolishness you let out during spring to how you should act when you love someone. He states “for life’s not a paragraph And death i think is no parenthesis” This means that life and death do not have to be structured and confined. Unlike a parenthesis, that confines words within them, people’s lives do not have to be confined to rules and mechanics. It is important in order to die that one must first live and most importantly love.

I think that he had various reasons for writing this poem. I think that stressing through his writing mechanics that structure is not always necessary was important. I think that he was definitely trying to say if you look to long for something to be wrong you are going to find it. The relationship between emotions and the mind he created throughout the poem corresponds with the way people read his poems. At first when a reader reads his poem they can feel the emotions given off by his wording and writing style. After the mind thinks and looks at the format the brain begins to tell the reader that his writing is not right because it is not organized and normal. I have to say I really like e. e. cummings as a poet, even though his poetry is sometimes hard to comprehend. He was a very talented writer that is devalued to some degree in my opinion.


e. e. cummings was an author unlike any other during his time. He did not follow traditional styles in literature. I was very surprised when covering him in class. I had never read any of his works, but I found his writing style rather fascinating. I think that the way he can create so many emotions and show so many things at once is a great talent. While reading more poems by cummings the one that caught my attention was “this is the garden”. What exactly was e. e. cumming’s reason for writing “this is the garden”?

The picture below, in my opinion, does a great job showing a pictorial representation of the imagery he creates in the first stanza.
reflecting snow

After reading the short story The Snows of Kilimanjaro, I was curious to know if the the movie was helpful in portraying what Ernest Hemingway had meant for the story to show. The movie version was released in 1952 and was directed by Henry King. In order to fully understand and make a connection between the two, I think it is important to know about Ernest Hemingway as an author. Ernest Hemingway was an author who was born in 1899. He served in both of the World Wars. He was married several times and was not always the best or most faithful husband to his wives. He experienced many injuries and struggles throughout his life. His mental health and physical health began to decline toward the end of his life, both could be connected to his war experiences, and he committed suicide in 1961. With this in mind, is the film version of The Snows of Kilimanjaro helpful or harmful to the readers understanding of the author’s purposes?

In my opinion, I think that the film version of the short story was harmful to the readers understanding of Hemingway’s purposes. Both the film and the fiction version had the same basic plot, but there were differences as well. One major difference between the two was the manner that Henry would look back at his previous life events. In the story by Hemingway the brief looks at Henry’s life experiences where written in a stream of consciousness style. In the film version they were portrayed as flashbacks. I feel that Hemingway wrote it in a stream of consciousness style that could not correctly be shown in film. Secondly, the events that were looked back on were different. In the story the first event he remembered was about travels;however, in the film the first event was primarily about someone he once loved. I think the film version was romanticized more than what he originally had written. Finally, the ending were completely different! In the original work Henry died at the end. In the film version Henry came out of the event as a survivor who had learned a great lesson. I think that Hemingway wrote the short story to portray parts of his life, and I definitely do not agree that he would agree with changing the ending. I think it took a lot way from his purpose. I feel as though he was trying to say that eventually you have to look back at the happenings of your life, accept things that you can not change, and move on. Changing the ending, although it provided the happy ending most expect in a movie, allowed for a second chance in life. I do not think that the purpose he was trying to make allowed for second chances but to appreciate things as they come.
Above is a picture of Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa.

A connection I made was between this story and the book Beastly. It is a another prime example of a movie that does not do the book justice. Most of the time movie directors leave out various things to shorten the time of the movie, but in this movie there were several things left out. The way that the characters were portrayed were completely different. The name change of a main character was not a huge deal for me, but the way the movie portrayed Adrian was completely wrong. They hired an actor that even after trying to make him appear beast-like was still completely handsome. I feel like it took away the purpose of the story to a certain degree because the point was to fall in love with someone’s personality instead of their looks. The relationship between the main characters in the movie did not correspond with relationship created book. Film adaptations romanticize to gain an audience, and in this story the adaptations did not create the same emotions for me as the book.
Below is the trailer for the movie Beastly. Even though the movie does not do the book justice in my opinion, it is still a good movie.

In conclusion, fiction and film versions of stories can be completely different. Sometimes creating a film version can strengthen what the audience gets out of the story. Other times seeing a film version of fiction can take away from what the author was originally trying to portray to the audience. In rare cases fiction and film can correspond well and both be equally great.

Below is a picture of Tennessee Williams.
a streetcar names desire
Tennessee Williams wrote his play “A Streetcar Named Desire” in 1947. This was a time of reconstruction after World War II. It was a play that caught a large majority of the audience off guard because it was abnormal to write such topics during the time period. It was known as the most revealing play ever written. The country as a whole was undergoing a major change toward being a more industrial nation. Understanding the time period the play was written, the setting the play was set in, and the backgrounds of the characters is vital to understanding the play in depth. What was Tennessee Williams trying to portray about society in “A Streetcar Named Desire?”

Above is a trailer of “A Streetcar Named Desire” that was released in 1951 when it became a motion picture.

One explanation of what Tennessee Williams was trying to portray through his play was how people were on their own terms. He did this through making very dynamic characters whom were not romanticized. Because the play was set in New Orleans, he primary focused on southerners and their transition from old south to new south ideas. “Among the play’s greatest achievements is the depiction of the psychology of working class characters.” He depicted the working-class in America. The characters status and actions play a enormous role in defining the point that Williams was trying to make about the working-class in society. He wrote about individuals who were raw, had issues, and were far from perfect just as everyday Americans were.

A second explanation of what Tennessee Williams was trying to portray about society was women’s status in society. “Williams presents women as powerless, weak, and passive characters who are tightly linked to their persecutors due to economic, social, and physical needs.” During the time period that the play was written women were seen as inferior to men. They were not seen as an equal by their male counterpart or any other males. As shown in the play, males were the head of the household and made decisions. There was an evident gender struggle that surfaced as the story-line played out. Not only was their a gender struggle, there was also relationship struggles. Each of the main female characters had a negative relationship with a male. Blanche was portrayed as a fallen woman who fell victim to a man. Stella represented a woman who was to surrender to her husband and be less than he. Each struggle represented what American women had to face during the time period as the country was developing. The way he depicted the characters showed sympathy to what women in society where going through at this time.

Below is a picture of actresses that were used as Blanche and Stella when the play was made into a movie.
blanche and stella

I feel like Tennessee Williams did a great job portraying things that were happening in society in his play. It is fairly easy to connect the content of the play to the time period. He used his characters to show the transition that the country was making. Americans were forming new ideas, changing their actions, and allowing people to see more of the happenings of their life that the would not have normally advertised. He also portrayed how women were treated during the time through the characters in the story. I think that he definitely had sympathy for how the women were treated.

The connection I made was the similarities of the play “A Streetcar Named Desire” and the movie “Blue Jasmine.” The stories and main character are very similar. Blanche DeBois reminded me of Cate Blanchet. Cate Blanchet, in “Blue Jasmine”, stars a a middle-aged trophy-wife who loses her husband and has to move in with her middle-class sister. She is haunted by her past-greatness just as Blanche was.


The modern period of American literature was said to have began in 1914. It was a time of great change for Americans. It is most remembered not because of the traditions that it created, but it is remembered because of the traditions it broke. Americans began to think, act, and live in new ways. Styles, cultures, and traditions changed drastically. Self-expressions became common through arts and literature. A great writing era sparked, and many great writers began to express their opinions about the modernist movement that was taking place around them. Two of the most well-known writers from this time period are T.S. Eliot and Langston Hughes. What are the similarities and differences between T.S. Eliot and Langston Hughes?

Above is a video describing what was taking place during the modernist period.

There are various similarities between T.S. Eliot and Langston Hughes. Both writers were modernist writers who began writing during the early 1900’s. Both writers were born in the state of Missouri. Each writer had some form of higher education. Eliot and Hughes were inspired by other poets of their time period and that inspiration influenced them to want to write themselves. They both traveled at some point outside of the United States to develop their poetry. The poetry they wrote impacted the daily life of the American people.

Below is a picture of Langston Hughes.
langston hughes

Although there are many similarities between the two, they are also very different. Langston Hughes was born in 1902. His life changed greatly while he was a young child after the divorce of his parents. He spent his childhood living with his grandmother and then reunited with his mother as a teen. He only attended college for one year before traveling to Africa and Europe. After returning back to the United States Hughes published his first book. He focused on what is was like to be a African American during his time. He is known for using vary vivid imagery and being insightful of how things really were. The jazz age had a major impact on his work. He not only wrote poetry, but he also wrote novels, short stories, and plays. It has been said that his artistic style shaped what became the Harlem Renaissance.

The picture posted below is of T.S. Eliot.
ts eliot

T.S. Eliot was born in 1988. Unlike Hughes, he spent his whole childhood in a stable environment. His family lived in St. Louis until he was an adult. Eliot attended and graduated from Harvard University with undergraduate and masters degrees. He began writing poetry while at the university. After he finished his education, he traveled abroad to London. It was in London that he became under the influence of Ezra Pound, who was at that time a very influential contemporary poet. With the help of Pound and the reputation he had created through his first publications his success began to skyrocket around the 1930’s. He became a famous literary critic and a dominant figure in modern literature. He wrote about various things in the world. He is mostly known for his writings that spoke out about the American society. He stressed the divisions of traditions and was successful in advocating change. He received a Nobel Prize in literature in 1948.

Both Hughes and Eliot were influential to the society in which they lived. They helped change and shape the way that people viewed everyday life. Langston Hughes helped shape new opinions of African Americans and the working class. T.S. Eliot wrote about women’s status and the division of old traditions. They had many similarities but were also different in many ways. Regardless of their differences, they both helped the United States and the citizens form new opinions while the nation was undergoing a massive change.

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